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2015考研英语,备考干货

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都以讲求考生就某种现实意况或意见发布自身的见识,内容多是考生所熟练的社会火热话题或博士生活主题材料。写好四级作文有多少个关键点:第一,依据英文的表述习惯来配置撰写结构;第叁,用本人深谙的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出团结的观点和见解。由此,老师将听从起承转合的组织布局,为我们详细介绍一下作文中常用的基本点涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有效的资料。

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  (一)起

一、起始句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校6续开端,好些个过初试的考生已经上马了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为惦念的是罗马尼亚(罗曼ia)语复试的备考。能或无法获得最终的中标,斯洛伐克语复试是一个重大。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自小编介绍还是可以提前背壹背,可一旦抽到2个随机的话题让大家实行叙述的话,就会有一定的难度。那里老师就给大家介绍三种展开话题的办法,希望大家能够使用上,使和谐的讲话表明更为的一五一拾流利有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some argue that…, while others believe that…

二.It goes without saying that… 显而易见,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

叁.It can be said with certainty that… 能够毫无疑问地说……

  因果法是用来解说“为何”的难题。我们能够根据二个结实去演绎其缘由,要以事实和证据为依照,前后进度要合乎逻辑和法则。例如:“你干吗考研”?Why do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

四.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from, lead to, so... as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in this way, thanks to等。

  四. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

伍.It has to be noticed that… 它必须小心到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

陆.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普及觉得…

  定义法能够用来阐释“是怎样”的主题素材,即用一段话来分演注明有个别抽象的定义或具体育赛事物的习性、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What is honesty? 大家能够用如下方式来进展论述:Honesty means telling the truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with nowadays is …

柒.It‘s likely that … 那可能是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is..., to be defined as, the definition of ... is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

八.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

玖.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它大致从不太多的说…

  例证是为着验证核心而存在的。当宗旨为理论性或概述的论点时,就需求通过举例或例证来加以协理,以说服听者,同时要小心逻辑严峻。例如:In many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

十.What calls for special attention is that…内需特别注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore, besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  壹. 事关词语或重大词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可不可以认

  同理可得,报考学士复试时,得到难题后应登时审题,积极思虑,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,那样会使您的演说更具逻辑性。展开的措施便是采纳因果法、定义法、例证法等。此外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神调换,紧紧地抓住对方的集中力。在复试前的关键时代,我们一定要多磨炼与人调换的力量。祝大家报考博士复试顺遂,超过常规发挥,顺遂进入本人向往的学院和学校!

  递进:

1二.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有何比那更关键的是…

  源点:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover, furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not least

一三.what‘s far more important is that… 更关键的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate, for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good case in point

一.A case in point is … 三个特出的事例是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…由于1般情形下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to, based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a consequence

三.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

四.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore 但是难题并非如此轻松,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups, consist of

伍.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  二. 句型及常用说明结构:

陆.For all that…对此那1切…… In spite of the fact that…就算事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,大家坚持不渝感觉,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

八.However , the difficulty lies in…可是,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

九.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 一样,大家要专注…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

1一.In view of the present station。鉴于方今形势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be sufficient。

1二.As has been mentioned above…正如上边所提到的…

  因果:

一三.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从那一个角度上大家得以说

  There are several reasons for…

1肆.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is… 但是小编辈还得看看东西的一面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

叁、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最终本身要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…由此,大家有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …, thirdly,…

三.All things considered,简来讲之 It may be safely said that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

四.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more advisable…由此,在作者眼里,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…通过上述研商,我们能够得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

陆.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…通过数量大家获得的下结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

七.It can be concluded from the discussion that…从中大家得以汲取那样的结论

  (三)转

八.From my point of view, it would be better if…以小编之见……可能越来越好

  转折:

4、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless, unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly, similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

5、常用于引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

壹.Some people think that … 有个别人觉着…To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below。坦率地说,小编不可能同意他们的见识,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true that…

贰.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different now。多年来,……从来被视为……,但前些天的意况有非常大的区别。

  (四)合

叁.I believe the title statement is valid because… 作者感到这么些论点是不利的,因为…

  一. 涉及词汇或重要词汇:

肆.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …作者不可能完全同意那壹观点的… I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly speaking

5.My argument for this view goes as follows。小编对那个主题材料的意见如下。

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

陆.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的升华,越来越多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to whether…有三个旷日持久运转的理论,是还是不是…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

8.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized that…它常常是感到…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to stop/prevent…

玖.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the latter。就自笔者来说,作者完全同意前者/后者。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we will have a brighter future of…

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument of both sides。在付出作者的意见在此之前,作者想有需求看看互相的实证。

  以上那个语汇、短语和句型对于考生来讲都以特出实用的小说素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在检查测试中可以运用了解。

陆、表示比较和对待的常用句型和表达法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

柒、演绎法常用的句型

一.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to three major ones。有多少个原因……,但貌似,他们能够归纳为几个首要的。

二.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are the most typical ones。有众多要素可能占…,但以下是最优秀的。

3.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective。有多数措施能够化解那几个主题素材,但上边包车型地铁恐怕是最有效的。

四.Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows。1般的话,这么些优势能够列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

8、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence / consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

四.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve learned a lot。由于阅读那本书,大家早就学到了累累。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

八.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。 吃太多导致超重。

九、段首万能句子

壹。关于……人们有分裂的观点。一些人以为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people suggest that ____。

二。俗话说(常言道)……,它是咱们前辈的经验,不过,就算在明日,它在无数场子如故适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

三。现在,……,它们给大家的平日生活带来了广大侵凌。首先,……;其次,……更为不好的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is that______。

四。今后,……很广阔,许多少人欢腾……,因为……,其它(而且)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______ because ______。Besides,______。

5。任何事物都以有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz一三.cn)它既有便利的壹方面,也有不利的一方面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages。

六。关于……人们的意见各分歧样,一些人以为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some people say that ______。To them,_____。

7。人类正面临着二个严重的主题材料……,那几个主题素材变得更为严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious。

捌。……已改为人的关注的火热话题,尤其是在年青人当中,将引发热烈的争执。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way。

9。……在我们的平常生活中起着更是主要的遵从,它给大家带来了数不完收益,但还要也抓住部分严重的主题素材。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well。

拾。依照图片/数字/总结数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图能够观望……很鲜明……,不过为啥吗?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while.Obviously,______,but why?

10、中间段落万能句子

壹。相反,有一些人支持……,他们相信……,而且,他们以为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same time,they say____。

二。可是,我以为那不是化解……的好措施,比如……最不佳的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For example,____。Worst of all,___。

三。……对大家国家的向上和建设是不可或缺的,(也是)非常关键的。首先,……而且……,最重要的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most important of all,______。

四。有多少个可供大家秉承的点子。首先,我们得以……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

五。面临……,大家理应使用壹三种有效的措施来……壹方面……,另1方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______。For one thing,______For another,______

6。早就应该拿出游动了。比如说……,其余……全部这么些主意自然会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will certainly______。

7。为何……?第3个原因是……;第壹个原因是……;第10个原因是……总的来说,……的第三缘由是出于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______。

八。不过,正如任何事物都有上下多少个方面一样,……也有它的不利的2头,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

玖。尽管如此,我信任……更便于。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

拾。完全同意……那种观念(陈述),首要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

十一、结尾万能句子

一。至于自个儿,在某种程度上自家同意前面包车型地铁视角,笔者以为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.I think that ____。

二。简来讲之,整个社会应该仔细关怀……这些题目。唯有这么,大家工夫在前几天……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

3。不过,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……但是,把那两者相比较,小编更倾向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example, _____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______。

四。就本身个人来讲,小编信任……,由此,作者坚信美好的前程正等着大家。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______。

5。随着社会的前行,……因而,急迫须求……假如种种人都愿为社会进献自已的一份力量,那些社会将要变得更好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better。

陆。至于作者(对自己的话,就自个儿来讲),小编感到……更客观。唯有这么,大家技巧……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can you _____。

七。对自身来讲,笔者感觉有要求……原因如下:第一,……; 第3,……;最后……但同样非同经常的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not least,______。

八。在整机上很难说……是好大概坏,因为它在相当大程度上取决于……的地势。但是,就自身个人来讲,作者发觉……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a personal point of view find______。

九。综上所述,我们得以知道地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____。

十。假使大家不选取有效的秘技,就恐怕调控不了那种动向,就会现出1些竟然的不良后果,所以,大家应有做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____。

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